Brief report Public Health in Peril: Assessing the Impact of Ongoing Conflict in Gaza Strip (Palestine) and Advocating Immediate Action to Halt Atrocities
Halting Gaza's genocide: Urgent humanitarian appeal
Keywords:Doctors Without Frontiers, Emergency, Genocide, Global Health, Humanitarian Crisis, Peace, War, Violence
Background: The protracted Israel-Palestine conflict has once again escalated, resulting in a dire humanitarian crisis in Gaza Strip (Palestine). This brief report aims to provide an objective overview of the historical roots of the conflict, its impact on public health, and a call to action to end the ongoing atrocities.
Methods: A literature search was conducted on PubMed, focusing on the period after the recent escalation in October 2023. Seven relevant papers were identified, serving as primary sources for this analysis.
Results: We begin by presenting an unbiased historical account of the Israel-Palestine conflict and tracing its origins to the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This historical context forms the foundation for comprehending the current crisis and the urgent appeal for humanitarian intervention. The escalating violence has placed immense strain on the healthcare system in Gaza Strip (Palestine), resulting in overwhelmed hospitals, critically low medical supplies, and severe hardships for healthcare workers. Furthermore, the civilian population, especially children, bears the brunt of the conflict, with high casualties and long-term trauma. Urgent calls for a ceasefire, protection of civilians, and the immediate delivery of humanitarian aid are emphasized. Finally, the necessity of addressing these issues through an objective academic lens is emphasized to foster a deeper understanding of multifaceted conflict.
Conclusion: The catastrophic impact of ongoing conflict in the Gaza Strip (Palestine) on public health is undeniable. Immediate action is imperative to halt atrocities, protect civilian lives, and support medical personnel in their life-saving mission. The call for an objective evaluation of the complex factors at play transcends historical grievances and political differences.
Salmiya MA. Urgent humanitarian call to save lives in Gaza. Lancet. 2023;402(10412):1523-1524. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02333-4 pmid: 37865108
Elessi K. Save Gaza residents from imminent catastrophe. Lancet. 2023;402(10412):1522-1523. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02299-7 pmid: 37858322
Correia T. Two urgent actions related to international health emergencies amid the escalating conflict in Gaza. Int J Health Plann Manage. 2023. doi: 10.1002/hpm.3720 pmid: 37851713
Givaty G, Ovadia YS, Saban M. Insights from the nearest Israeli hospital to the Gaza Strip. Lancet. 2023;402(10412):1521-1522. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02334-6 pmid: 37865106
Mahase E. Gaza: "Unprecedented" bombing of hospital leaves hundreds dead and injured. BMJ. 2023;383:2423. doi: 10.1136/bmj.p2423 pmid: 37852655
Mahase E. Gaza: Israel's hospital evacuation orders are "death sentence for the sick," says WHO. BMJ. 2023;383:p2397. doi: 10.1136/bmj.p2397 pmid: 37844922
Mahase E. Israel and Gaza: MSF calls for end to "indiscriminate violence and collective punishment". BMJ. 2023;383:p2383. doi: 10.1136/bmj.p2383 pmid: 37832950
Ibrahim A, Stepansky J. Israel-Hamas war updates: Regional tensions soar as Israel bombs Gaza: Al Jazeera Media Network; 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/liveblog/2023/10/18/israel-hamas-war-live-limited-gaza-aid-deal-agreed-between-us-and-egypt.
Al Jazeera Staff. Investigations reveal discrepancies in Israel's Gaza hospital attack claims 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/10/20/what-have-open-source-videos-revealed-about-the-gaza-hospital-explosion.
United nations. Gaza: UN experts decry bombing of hospitals and schools as crimes against humanity, call for prevention of genocide 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.un.org/unispal/document/gaza-un-experts-decry-bombing-of-hospitals-and-schools-as-crimes-against-humanity-call-for-prevention-of-genocide.
Smith C. Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict: A history with documents: St. Martin's Publishing Group; 2018.
WHO. Hospitals in the Gaza strip at a breaking point, warns WHO: World Health Organization; 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.emro.who.int/opt/news/hospitals-in-the-gaza-strip-at-a-breaking-point-warns-who.html.
WHO. Evacuation orders by Israel to hospitals in northern Gaza are a death sentence for the sick and injured: World Health Organization; 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.who.int/news/item/14-10-2023-evacuation-orders-by-israel-to-hospitals-in-northern-gaza-are-a-death-sentence-for-the-sick-and-injured.
Doctors without borders. Indiscriminate violence and the collective punishment of Gaza must cease: Doctors without borders; 2023 [cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/latest/indiscriminate-violence-and-collective-punishment-gaza-must-cease.
Defense for children international - Palestine. One Palestinian child in Gaza killed every 15 minutes by Israeli forces 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.dci-palestine.org/one_palestinian_child_in_gaza_killed_every_15_minutes_by_israeli_forces.
UNICEF. Child casualties in Gaza a 'stain on our conscience: UNICEF; 2023 [updated 2023; cited 26th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/10/25/over-2000-children-killed-in-gaza-a-stain-on-our-collective-conscience.
WHO. Building peace in fragile and conflict settings through health 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://www.who.int/activities/building-peace-in-fragile-and-conflict-settings-through-healthu.
Ebrahim N, Salman A, Khadder K. We have no water': Gaza faces deeper humanitarian crisis as Israel tightens its hold 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://amp.cnn.com/cnn/2023/10/10/middleeast/gaza-complete-siege-israel-intl/index.html.
American University of Beirut. Position statement from the faculty of health dciences 2023 [updated 2023; cited 24th October 2023]. Available from: https://aub.edu.lb/fhs/Pages/FHS-Statement-Oct-20.aspx.
Dergaa I, Chamari K, Zmijewski P, Ben Saad H. From human writing to artificial intelligence generated text: examining the prospects and potential threats of ChatGPT in academic writing. Biol Sport. 2023;40(2):615-622. doi: 10.5114/biolsport.2023.125623 pmid: 37077800
Dergaa I, Ben Saad H. Joining hands for better health: Theinception of the New Asian Journal of Medicine. N Asian J Med. 2023;1(1):1-3. doi: 10.61186/najm.1.1.1